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Tips on Finding Brand New and Inspiring Topic for Your PhD Research

If you are reading this, you probably one of those whoa is looking for the right topic for your PhD research. You are hung in the situation when there is so much of the demand of the supervisor that has to be kept in mind as he said that the topic needs to be new and it has to be related to the degree course. In addition, it is important that the topic is the one that can be worked upon and it can be completed on time. 

1. Read Related Theses

Before the topic of the dissertations is finalized, it is important that the dissertations on the related topicsbe read thoroughly just by reading the topics, new ideas can come in mind. The literature reviews of the thesis and the related articles can be studied so as to identity the gaps in the studies. These gaps can help in defining the new topic.

2. Choose What You Like

Always try to choose the topic, which you think you are, is passionate about. The topic is the one that should always interest you. The advice of the professor should be considered but you should have the option of making a choice. Asyou are working on the doctorate topic, you have to work on the topic for the next 3 to 4 years. You must think carefully when the topic is to be selected.

3. Always Revive Old Memories
This means that you need to study the thesis that youwrite in your master’s degree course. Some of the main areas that can be read include the literature review that will help in the identification of the gaps and the list of references that helps in sprouting new ideas regarding the thesis topics.

4. Wait And Research More

If you have selected the topic, it is important that you must research more to see if anyone has conducted a research on the topic before. You need to see as to what aspect of the topic has been covered. This will also help in defining a brief and a well-shapedtopic.

5. Be Aimed


One of the main issues in the case of the PhD research students is that they are too overwhelmed with the defined topic. There is a need to stay focused and stay on the point. The topic should be specific. There are certain guidelines that are defined by the university and the professors. They need to be followed when the topic is being defined. The topic should cover one specific research question.

6. Seek Advice

It is important that before finally making a decision on the topic, there is a need that the students must seek for additional advice from the professors or the peers. This will help the students in having a better and a better-defined research topic.

Best Tips to Avoid Plagiarism in Coursework Writing

Plagiarism is more known as theft. In the more academic terms, the plagiarism can be defined as simply copy and pasting someone else’s idea without accounting for it. Any information that is taken from any source needs to be referred to. Many sources are used when there is a need to take information for the completion of the assignments and coursework in the college and university. Some of the main sources of information that are used include web pages, journal articles, books, e-books and informative pamphlets from the internet. The books in the libraries can also be used to get the required material and information. No matter what the source is, it is important that the source of the information is always cited and referred to.
The plagiarism can be avoided in the coursework writing in many ways. One of the main reasons is that the plagiarism can lead to the deduction of marks and an overall reduction in the grades. Thereby, the students should always make sure that plagiarism is avoided at all costs.

One of the main ways to avoid plagiarism is to always rephrase. Whenever importantinformation is found on the internet and the book, the information always needs to be rephrased. With rephrase, it means that the sentence structure and tenses need to be changed. The meaning of the sentence has to remain the same. One of the main facts that need to be mentioned here is that the overall idea that has been expressed in the sentence and the main meaning is the one that does not have to change. In addition, the sentence and the information that has been taken from the internet is just the idea. The idea can be expanded and extrapolated. The brief idea can be taken and it can be explained and detailed.

On the other hand, the student must make sure that the source of the information is cited and referred to. The citations include the information of the author, the date of publication, the title of the source and the page numbers. This is the main information that has to be added, and mentioned in the end of the added information in order to make sure that the plagiarism can be avoided and removed at all costs.

One of the other main ways with the help of which plagiarism can be avoided is by making sure that references are always added in the end of the coursework writing. This defines the overall bibliography and the other references that are added in the paper. The extra references should be in link with the citations that have been given in the paper. The authenticity of the citations and the references are double-checked. It also minimizes the level of plagiarism. If there is a need to add direct quotations, they should be added and marked with double marks so they indicate the originality.

Standard Costing and Variance Analysis

As we know that there is a huge amount of competition in the field of the business. Every organization or company claims to be the best. The best organization or company is that which is providing the best quality work or service to the students at the most affordable prices. Therefore, to take an analysis of the standard costing and variance is the most important thing for an organization or a company. After analyzing the standard costing and variance, an organization or company will be able to enhance the performance level. While studying, if you are not able to write an coursework about the standard costing and analysis, then you can get help from the academic writing services. The best tips to analyze the standard costing and variance are given below; 

1) Understand the standard costing

There are two types of the costs within an organization. The first type is known as the expected cost and the second type is known as the actual cost. The process in which we keep the accounting record of the actual and the expected cost is known as the standard costing. The process of the standard costing depends upon the three important factors. First of all, we will have to get an idea of the standard cost. In the second, we will have to measure the actual performance of the products. Thirdly, we will have to find out the variance between them.

2) Understand the process of determining the standard costs

The process of determining the standards of the costs depends upon the several steps. These steps are given below;

A) An organization or company should try to establish some cost centres.

B) The members of the accounting department should be active and they should have the ability to control the expenses of the different products easily.

C) There are many types of the standards to measure the cost of a specific product like the ideal, basic, current, expected, and normal. You should try to select one of them.

D) You should try to formulate the standard committee and this standard committee will be responsible for all the changes of all the products.

3) Understand the different methods to measure the variance


There are different kinds of the methods that are used by the different organizations in order to measure the cost of the different products. The method in which we get an idea about the variation in the actual price of a product and the selling price of a product is known as the material price. Secondly, the method that provides enough information about the usage quantity of a material is known as the material used. Thirdly, the method in which we get an idea of the per hour price of the labours is known as the labour price. Fourthly, the method in which we get an idea about the performance level of the labours is known as the labour efficiency. Along with these methods, overhead variance in the budget, oh and OH volume efficiencies are also important methods to measure the variance within an organization.

Key Steps to Write an Assignment on Accounting and Finance

Accounting and Finance are the branches of business studies; those are mostly chosen by students who are good in calculations and arithmetic. We all have common perception in our mind that these two interrelated subjects have things to do with only calculations but a business student and professional knows that it’s something interlinked to all other business studies. Most common and directly linked are corporate strategies and business ethics. This is the reason why this article includes some steps to follow for accounting essay as well as required steps to write an accounting statement or financial calculations i.e. return on investment (ROI). 
Accounting assignments are considered to be easier than finance as they have to calculate cost, expenses, revenues, profits or loss but finance has to deal with prediction side as well. That perception is somehow true but there are five basic steps to be followed for writing an accounting or finance assignment and these steps are described here;

1- Understand assignment questions (Pre-writing Step): Again here you might think an accounting assignment question is just about calculations and this perception is of most of the new students of accounting or finance or a student of other business studies. Here you might be wrong a question of accounting can be as complicated as a finance prediction so first put your efforts to understand assignment question. This is pre-writing step but it ensures the success of writing outcomes.

2- Introduction (First Writing Step): This is not a compulsory step or part of your assignment according to the given or required format of assignment until unless you are required to write an essay by your course advisor. Including this section in your assignment draft will keep you on the path of writing without distracting to irrelevant research or calculations or even writing. It helps to outline the final goal of assignment and also helps readers to see your work step wise that will prevent from prompt queries those are likely to confuse you to discuss concept on the spot.

3- Structure and Resource Planning: This is not a heading to be dealt in your assignment but a point to be kept in mind while solving and writing accounting or finance assignment. Structure of assignment has been given by the course advisor that student has to follow throughout the writing of assignment. For accounting and finance there are some standard structures defined by financial institutions known as Financial Reporting Standards (FRS’s). Further, there are International Accounting Standards (IAS)to write and calculate accounting records and calculations.

4- Calculations and Analysis: This is a must to do part of an accounting assignment and almost for finance task. This is the essential part of the subjects even if there is no specific company or calculations are being discussed because assignment of accounting and finance are must including technique of accounting or financial calculations. So using example calculations not only helps students to get good scores but also to get more clear understanding about the topic. This section cannot be part of an assignment that is simply about fundamentals of accounting or finance.

5- Results/Conclusion/Recommendations: This is the final step that can be one or in three different parts. Results are referring for financial calculations and conclusions are meant to be described in theory for giving clear understanding of the concept. Recommendation part can be for a calculation based or a simply fundamental base assignment questions about a particular senior or a concept.

Check The Plagiarism of Coursework for Geography Subject

If you have been assigned a coursework for geography subject, you must understand the subject as well as the topic really well in order to do a good job on it. The most important thing that you will have to focus on after research and writing is checking plagiarism because plagiarism is a big academic offence and it can cost you good marks if you are not careful and submit paper with copied content to the teacher.
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You must know that no matter for which subject or level you are writing a coursework, it will be checked for plagiarism and the teachers will keep a keen eye on it so that they can get to know how hard you have worked and if you have really paid attention to the assignment that was given to you. Geography is a field of science that is devoted to the study of lands, features and the phenomenon of the earth. This is a vast field that strives to understand earth and its human and natural complexities and changes that have come over it in the past and what is about to come in the future.

Students who are working hard for their geography degrees need to understand that they will have to write a good coursework during their academic days that will help them secure good marks and get their degrees on time. In addition to this, they will also need to ensure that they submit the most custom and unique coursework to the teacher that gives them a chance to look forward to trouble free success because if the teachers find plagiarism in the paper, the paper will be rejected or will not get them good marks. There are many websites that offer plagiarism checking software that are easily available online and they make it easy for students to check out their coursework for any copied content.

It is necessary that student check each and every paragraph of the coursework for plagiarism to make sure that the ideas and concepts that have been used are their own and have not been copied from other source. It is equally important for students to know that they cannot come up with every piece of information on their own and they will have to consult books and journals and even use newsletters to come up with the most current and latest research regarding geography and its related fields and the only thing to avoid plagiarism in this regard is to provide proper references.


They need to understand how citations and referencing works and use them in the paper so that they are able to do a good job on their coursework and do not face any problems in their class. With proper references the students can make sure that they provide the name of the author the name of the book as well as the addition and the page number from where they have taken the research or the ideas so that the teachers can get to know how hard they have worked.

What is the Best Way to Write your Proposal and Dissertation?

If you are a student who has been working hard to succeed in academic life, it is best that you learn to write a top quality proposal and dissertation and make sure that the teacher is impressed with your efforts and hard work. No matter in which part of the world you live or study, working on your dissertation is a key part of the academic process and you must complete it well if you want to get the degree on time and with distinction too.
 Image result for Uk phd and masters dissertation happy students from all uni verity's
A long and highly research academic paper, a dissertation helps your teacher determine how well you have learned and if you are ready to move forward and step in the professional life on basis of your talent.It is necessary for you to understand the significance of writing a top quality and custom dissertation and focus specially on the proposal which is a key part of the paper. If you come up with a good proposal that focuses on the purpose of the dissertation as well as its research, you will be able to get the approval for writing the paper much quickly and enjoy working on the dissertation without rejections from the teacher.

How to write a dissertation proposal?
A dissertation proposal is a very important as well as the primary step towards writing a top quality and custom desertion on your own and gets you the approval to move forward. The proposal must be unique as it sets the stage for all the research that you have conducted and all the information that you have collected on the given topic and subject.

It is necessary to understand that dissertation proposal is just like the table of contents for your research and it will help you explain what you are going to do in this paper, what you plan to examine and how you will go about collecting information and analyzing the data.

Writing a top quality dissertation
After you are done with writing the proposal, you must get it approved by the teacher to begin writing the dissertation. With help of the proposal, you will be able to better identify the direction of the dissertation and move forward with your writing part. You must know that you will have to conduct a lot of research, write well in the manner as recommended by the teacher and use only the most reliable and trusted sources to impress the teachers with your hard work and efforts.


The best way to write your proposal and dissertation is to work hard and focus on the topic and the subject as they are the key to a successful assignment. The more you read on the topic and the better information you collect, the better you will be able to explain things to the readers and impress them with your insight and knowledge. When working on your proposal and dissertation, make sure you write in a manner that is most appealing and highly interesting to keep the readers engaged as this is the only way to succeed without facing any trouble and enjoy good results.

Formatting Your Academic Paper

Formatting Your Academic Paper
Every academic paper requires the revision before its submission. Formatting may include the guidelines and rules to follow that are given by your instructors. These rules and guidelines may help to put formatting features into standpoints. The students who do not get any instruction by their tutor regarding formatting gets lost trying to format at their own because they do not have even a little guidance. In many cases, students are not specified on how to format an academic paper. There are many basic rules and elements that should be reviewed in order to get help to format your research paper.

Students should review their academic paper again and again before submitting it to the supervisor or teacher. Academic paper written by coursework writing service providers, is very important to submit as it will contribute to the final grading. The better grading is important to inspire teachers and reflect your potential in order to get appreciation and respect. Moreover, submitting an academic paper is the requirement of the degree and to get good grades is also equally important. Students should initialize formatting by checking the title page of the paper, approval page and acknowledgment. They first need to re-read them and correct the punctuation, spelling mistakes and capitalization.

Moreover make sure that abbreviation used is spelled correct. The next step is to re-read the whole document and correct the spelling and grammatical mistakes. In addition, many students are good in grammar, punctuation, but they do not know how to organize the sentence with correct structure. Students should also review the requirement of line spacing, margins and font size as well. After writing a whole research paper, make an appropriate table of contents before the introduction chapter. Students should correctly mention the page number in the table of contents so that reader can easily jump to the specified page to read the particular information.

Subheadings should be given if the data is long and figures, tables, etc. should be appropriately mentioned so that it may become readable. The referencing format should be properly followed and biblograpgy section should be correctly spelled. Moreover, do not include any irrelevant reference. A citation should be written correctly according to reference styles. The repetition of sentences and words should also be reviewed and removed. In addition, if students find themselves incompetent to revise or format their paper on their own, then they can hire the online editing services. The academic writing services provide this help to students so that they can get their academic writing and editing by skilled and expert editors.

The online writing services have separately hired the team of editors to proofread and edit the paper of students at cheap rates as well as help them to prepare for assessments. Moreover, they hire the professional writers and experts and then train them to improve their editing skills so that they can easily proof read the whole document on their own while writing the paper. In addition to these, online writing services also help to improve the writing and editing skills of students by guiding them through different articles and blogs. you can also contact the editors of these writing service provider to get their help in your academic paper.

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